Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural Development and British Values

Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural Development

At Milton Keynes Primary PRU we recognise a broad set of common values that underpin the curriculum and the work of our school. These include valuing ourselves, our families and other relationships, the wider groups to which we belong, the diversity in our society and the environment in which we live. We are also committed to the virtues of truth, justice, honesty and a sense of duty.

We focus on the positive strengths of each and every individual and support the development of virtues (See our section on Character Education)

Our curriculum is designed to promote children’s spiritual, moral, social and cultural development and prepare them for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of life. This includes the knowledge, understanding and appreciation of their own and different beliefs and cultures and how these influence individuals and societies and promote self-esteem and well-being.

Spiritual development

This involves the development of insights, principles, beliefs, attitudes and values which guide and motivate us. For the children it means a developing recognition that the insights, principles, beliefs, attitudes and values that guide them in life are important. This will be shown by:

  • A sense of enjoyment and fascination in learning about the world around them,
  • Including the intangible.
  • The use of imagination and creativity in learning
  • A willingness to reflect on their experiences and the experiences of others.

Moral development 

This involves the building of a personal framework of values which regulate personal behaviour through teaching and promoting principles rather than through fear of punishment or reward. This will be shown by:-

  • The ability to recognise the difference between right and wrong.
  • The understanding that actions have consequences.
  • An interest in investigating and offering reasoned views about moral and ethical issues.

Social development 

This starts with the family and enables children to understand their rights, take responsibility, show respect and be prepared to take the initiative. Milton Keynes Primary PRU is a social community and it is here that children learn, explore and discover with the challenges and opportunities of belonging to a larger group. This will be shown by:

  • The use of a range of social skills in different contexts.
  • A willingness to participate in a variety of social settings.
  • Being able to co-operate with others and resolve conflicts.

Cultural development 

This involves children forming a coherent identity and formulating a language with which to receive, reflect and communicate the shared values of their culture. Milton Keynes Primary PRU promotes the cultural traditions of the school, its local community and recognise the ethnic and cultural diversity of British society. This will be shown by:

  • An understanding and appreciation of the wide range of cultural influences that have shaped our heritage.
  • Participation in artistic, musical, sporting, mathematical, technological, scientific and cultural opportunities.
  • An interest in the diversity and richness of British cultural life. 


In order to ensure that SMSC development is embedded in the practice of our school we will:

  • Carry out an Audit
  • Assess SMSC during lesson observations by noting teaching that encourages participation, creativity, reflection, independence and activities that develop teamwork, leadership skills and self-reliance. 

British Values

The Department for Education states that there is a need “to create and enforce a clear and rigorous expectation on all schools to promote the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs.” 

The Government set out its definition of British Values in the 2011 Prevent Strategy and the Prime Minister reiterated these Values in 2014. Through our spiritual, moral, social and cultural education, we promote and reinforce the British Values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and belief in the following ways: 


Democracy is embedded at the school. Pupil Voice is very important to us and children are always listened to by adults. We model listening to each other and children are taught to listen carefully to each other. We respect the right of every individual to have their opinions and voices heard, whilst also supporting children to understand that doesn’t always mean “getting your own way”. The Art of compromise and negotiation is modelled.

Pupils have the opportunity to have their voices heard through our School Council. Children put themselves forward through a short presentation, and the election of the School Council members is based on pupil votes, demonstrating democracy in action.

Our Optimal Learning environment has incorporated many ideas from the children, and they have been our “testers” of ideas.

They also have a chance for many other leadership roles and take responsibility for change. These are: Healthy Schools Ambassadors, Eco-Guardians, 7 C’s Champions, Hosts at our “Every Child is an Artist” Art Exhibitions and various roles as class monitors. 

Rule of Law 

The importance of laws, whether they are those that govern the class, the school or the country, is consistently reinforced. Each class discusses and contributes to creating our School Charter (based on the UNICEF Rights Respecting School Programme), which is clearly understood by all and seen to be necessary to ensure that every child is able to learn in a safe, healthy and happy consistent environment.

Our Values enable children to find examples of why we follow a code of conduct and to recognise and appreciate when others demonstrate positive behaviour. We teach the value and reason behind laws, that they govern and protect us, the responsibilities that this involves and the consequences when laws are broken. Visits from other authorities, such as the Police and the Fire Service, help to reinforce the message. 

Individual Liberty 

Pupils are actively encouraged to make wise choices at our school, knowing that they are in a safe and supportive environment.  As a school, we provide consistent boundaries for our children to enable them to make choices safely. Pupils are encouraged to know, understand and exercise their rights and personal freedom and are advised how to exercise these safely, for example through our E-safety teaching and PHSEE lessons. Pupils are given the freedom to make choices in many different ways. Our children have opportunities to direct their own learning by posing questions; children regularly work together in groups and they are aware of the expectation that they will be respectful of the views of everyone in the group. In daily lessons, children are provided with choices, for example the level of challenge and what method they will use to record their writing. Additionally they are given options such as how to present or display their learning. 

Mutual Respect 

Our school ethos and behaviour policy are based around our Strengths based values, which determine how we live as a school community. Our pupils recognise these and are keen to identify them in one another. They understand what they mean and can demonstrate them fully. The pupils know and understand what is expected and that it is imperative that kindness, fairness, caring and respect are shown to everyone, whatever differences we may have, and to everything, however big or small.

Understanding different faiths and beliefs 

Milton Keynes Primary PRU enhances pupils’ understanding of different faiths and beliefs through religious education learning, PHSEE work, visits to places of worship, welcoming religious leaders from different faiths, learning about different faiths and talking about beliefs and festivals. 

We explore multi-cultural diversity through our creative curriculum including Arts, RE, Literacy, Humanities, PHSEE, and many other cross curricular areas.

As part of our SMSC Assemblies, children explore how a particular Value is important in a range of faiths. 

 Our School embraces British Values throughout our full curriculum and in particular through PSHE, day to day opportunities, fine dining experience and value led assemblies.  The table below shows some of the ways in which we embed these values:

British Values


School Approach

Self-knowledge, self-esteem and self-confidence


  • Day to day reflections
  • Reward and consequence system
  • Emotional Literacy
  • Therapy support


To distinguish right from wrong and to respect civil and criminal law


  • PSHEE (Personal Social Health and Economic Education)
  • Reflective dialogues
  • Fine Dining experience

Accepting responsibility for their own behaviour


  • Day to day reflections
  • Reward and consequence system


Showing initiative as to how they can contribute positively to the local community and  wider society


  • Volunteering and taking part in special days such as Comic Relief
  • Contributing to “Gift boxes” for local church to distribute
  • Harvest festival collections and food bank collections

Providing pupils with a broad general knowledge of public institutions and services in England


  • Assemblies
  • Built across curriculum

An appreciation of and respect for their own and other cultures in a way that promotes tolerance between different cultural traditions


  • Assemblies
  • PSHEE (Personal Social Health and Economic Education)
  • Embedded throughout the school in all areas

Respecting the fundamental British values of democracy, rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect


  • School Council


Where political issues are brought to the attention of pupils they are offered a balanced presentation of opposing views


  • Embedded throughout the school in all areas